1)WHAT ARE DIARRHEA AND DEHYDRATION?
Diarrhea means soft and watery stools more than three times a day, and may be accompanied by cramps, nausea, and swelling. Diarrhea is not a disease, but a symptom of a disorder that can be caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites, food intolerances, certain medications and disorders that affect the stomach, small intestine or colon. During diarrhea, there is a greater loss of water and electrolytes. Dehydration is a condition in which a person loss more fluids than the necessary to maintain a correct functioning of the organism. It is a complication that is usually caused by episodes of acute diarrhea and / or vomiting.
2)WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DEHYDRATION?
The symptoms vary in intensity and nature depending on the degree of dehydration that a person is exposed to. The most frequent symptoms are: thirst, dry mouth, headache, darker urine. In case of moderate or severe dehydration the symptoms are: delirium, shock, sinking of the eyes, dizziness, tachycardia and anuria.
3)HOW TO TREAT DEHYDRATION?
The treatment of dehydration is performed by the use of oral rehydration salts with ORT. It is the most effective method to prevent, maintain and restore an adequate osmotic balance in the body.
4)CAN DEHYDRATION BE PREVENTED?
Yes, the ingestion of ORS at the first signs of gastrointestinal disease effectively prevents dehydration.
5)WHAT IS GASTROENTERITIS?
Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the intestine that can be caused by a virus, a bacterium or a parasite.
6)WHAT SYMPTOMS DOES GASTROENTERITIS CAUSE?
A person affected by gastroenteritis usually suffers from acute diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal cramps. In the case of a viral etiology may also appear fever, fatigue and muscle pain.