SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DEHYDRATION
In cases of dehydration it is necessary to restore an adequate fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. However, it is necessary to know how to identify the problem and recognize the signs of dehydration. Thirst is an indicator of dehydration, but it is not one of the first signs of alarm.
It is necessary to pay attention to the following signs and symptoms: ¥ Dry and warm skin, Decreased urine volume and a dark yellow color due to higher concentration, Dizziness, Muscle weakness and tiredness, ¥ Cramps in the arms and legs, Few tears, Headache, Dry mouth and tongue, with thick saliva, Increase of cardiac frequency, As the condition progresses, the general condition worsens as more body systems (or organs) are being affected by the dehydration process.
Degree of dehydration:
Mild dehydration: It manifests itself after losing 1-2% of the volume of water and is characterized by the following symptoms: thirst, oliguria, darkening of the urine, fatigue, headaches and orthostatic hypotension.
Moderate dehydration: It manifests itself after losing between 2-6% of the volume of water and is characterized by presenting more severe symptoms than in the case of mild dehydration: Xerosis, asthenia, severe oliguria. Children have other symptoms such as sinking fontanelles, fainting, and sunken eyes.
Severe dehydration: With the loss of water, the symptoms become increasingly serious and are as follows: increased heart and respiratory frequency to compensate blood volume and also blood pressure reduction, paresthesia, muscles become spastic, blurred vision, shock, painful urination, brain damage and delirium. At this degree of dehydration the health of the individual is threatened and the loss of a quantity of water over 15% of the total volume of the body is usually deadly. All cases of severe dehydration must receive adequate hospital treatment, with the application of intravenous solutions.